Logo Site of Withred's (Willford's) Mill
near Emerson, GA
All Text & Images:
Copyright (2013)

In May 1864, after crossing over the Etowah River, Genl. Hardee's Corps (CSA) spent 3 nights at Withred's Mill
(also referred to as Willford's), off Pumpkinvine Crk.   From Samuel Foster's (Granbury's Texas Brigade) diary:
"This morning Genl. Hardee's Corps had orders to discharge all of their guns before 6 a.m. and there was a constant roar
of musketry for about an hour...   There is a mill pond near our camp and the men are bathing and washing their clothes.
Some of them pull their shirts off and hold them over a hot fire for a few minutes to kill any vermin that might be on them."

Years ago, many CW artifacts were recovered from this site.   Fired minie & musket balls from the discharge cited above were found on the slope above the former mill ponds.   The site was covered by hardwoods, and the lay-out of the mill grounds was very discernible.   Two large (20 ft tall in places) mill dams were extant, almost 100 yards across; breached only by the mill creek and a trail.   An earthen side dam stretched downstream toward Pumpkinvine Creek, along with depressions that were doubtless part of a millrace set-up.   A recent visit to this site was depressing.   The two rear millpond dams had been mostly destroyed by installation of a sewer line (far more destruction than necessary!).   Much of the area is now a thicket of brambles and under-brush.   While the side dam has only a few breaches, it is so grown up as to be almost impenetrable.   It is sad that so few folks are aware of this historic site, and even sadder that some care wasn't taken to minimize the damage done to it.   With development of the adjacent Lakepoint Sports Complex, it won't be long before nothing remains of this slice of history.

Note: An aerial view at the bottom of this page provides a key to the structure locations.


Rear_millpond_dam_2
Starting at the back of the site - the rear millpond dam (Dam 2)
Not long ago, the entire site was open hardwoods like this.



Dam_2_front
Front of Dam 2


Slope_across_Millpond
View across one of the now-dry former millponds, at the
slopes that were the target of the Corps' weapon discharge.



Millpond_dam_2_NW_end
The opposite end of the same dam (Dam 2); the green pines and thicket
indicate where approx. 120 ft of the dam has been bulldozed away.



Dam_1_beyond
Heading toward the front of the site (SW) brings you to Dam 1.   Due to the terrain, this
dam was originally longer than the rear dam, but it has undergone greater destruction.
This view shows the top of Dam 1, with the pipeline clearing headed to the NE.   The rear
dam (Dam 2) is located just to the right of where the pipeline fades into the woods near
center rear.   The entire area behind this dam would have been a millpond.



Dam_1_creek_breach
Old breach in Dam 1 at the mill creek.
Looking down from upper edge of the dam's south end.



Creek_breach
From the mill creek, the same breach in the dam.


Dam_1_front
Front of Dam 1


Dam_1_end
Abrupt end to Dam 1, where most of it was bulldozed for the sewer installation.


Dam_1_Side_juncture
Short remaining section of Dam 1's north end (left) meets the long Side dam (right rear).
There appears to have been a spillway at one time in this area.



Side_dam
Side dam


Side_dam_breach
Old breach in Side dam.


Side_dam
Side dam


Side_dam_breach
Another breach in the Side dam.


Along_side_dam
From near western end of the Side dam, looking east.
The area to the right would have been covered by a large millpond in the 1800s.



Side_dam_from_front
From the Front dam, the Side dam stretches from left to right...


Front_dam
Front dam, paralleling the road.
It can be seen from the green pine growth that this dam was also breached for the sewer.




Annotated_map
Annotated aerial map of the mill site.



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All Text & Images: Copyright 2013.